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Introduction

Official Name: Republic of Mauritius
Capital: Port Louis
Official Language: English, French
Currency: Mauritian Rupee (MUR)
Head of State: President H.E. Mrs Ameenah Gurib-Fakim
GCSK, CSK, PhD 
Head of Government: Prime Minister the Hon Sir Anerood Jugnauth
GCSK, KCMG, QC 
Foreign Minister: The Hon Mr Seetanah Lutchmeenaraidoo
GCSK, MNA 
Government Website: www.gov.mu
Date of joining: 07 March 1997

 

 

 

 

 

General

MAURITIUS GENERAL INFORMATION
                                   

Country Name (long form): Republic of Mauritius
  
Country Name (short form): Mauritius
  
Mauritius Government Type:
  
parliamentary democracy
  
Capital City: Port Louis
  
Independence:
  
12 March 1968 (from UK)
  
National Holiday:
  
Independence Day, 12 March (1968)
  
Constitution: 12 March 1968; amended 12 March 1992
  
Suffrage:
  
18 years of age; universal
  
Legal System:
  
civil legal system based on French civil law with some elements of English common law

Population of Mauritius

Mauritius an island nation in the indian  ocean was formed by volcanoes. More than a third of the peoples' income comes  from the sugar industry with about 90 percent of the famland planted as sugar  cane. People grow vegetables in small gardens for their own use. 

About 70 percent of the people are Asian Indians.                   

Population of
  Mauritius  
1,294,104…….1,280,900
  
Nationality
  (noun) 
Mauritian(s)
Nationality
  (adjective) 

 Mauritian
Ethnic Groups Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
  

Languages

English (official), Creole, French (official), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri

Mauritius National Anthem

The music of the National Anthem of Mauritius was written by Philippe Oh San (former band master of the Mauritius Police Force).The lyrics written by Jean Georges Prosper.But on official records,it has been stated that Mr Philippe Gentil wrote the music.

NATIONAL ANTHEM OF MAURITIUS 

Glory to thee, Motherland

O Motherland of mine.

Sweet is thy beauty,

Sweet is thy fragrance,

Around thee we gather

As one people,

As one nation,

In peace, justice and liberty.

Beloved Country,

May God bless thee

For ever and ever.

Date of Adoption:9 January 1968

Flag Description

four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green

Flag History

The red stripe represents the struggle for freedom and independence, the blue stripe stands for the color of the Indian Ocean. The yellow stripe symbolizes the new light of independence, and the green stripe represents agriculture and symbolizes the color of lush, green Mauritius throughout the year. 

Mauritius Climate and Weather

Mauritius has a maritime climate with slight differences between tropical summer and
subtropical winter. Humidity is high, and annual rainfall along the central plateau's western slopes totals nearly 200 inches. In Floreal the winter low can drop to 50°F with high winds and rain, making it seem much colder. The summer daytime high is in the 80s with nighttime temperatures about 10°F cooler. Temperatures in Port Louis and at the beach are about 10°F higher than elsewhere on the island. Rainy and dry seasons are not well defined, and vegetation remains green all year. Cyclones threaten the island between
November and April.

Flags/Maps

History

History of Mauritius

While Arab and Malay sailors knew of Mauritius as early as the 10th century AD and Portuguese sailors first visited in the 16th century, the island was first colonized in 1638 by
the Dutch. Mauritius was populated over the next few centuries by waves of traders, planters and their slaves, indentured laborers, merchants, and artisans. The island was named in honor of Prince Maurice of Nassau by the Dutch, who abandoned the colony in 1710.

The French claimed Mauritius in 1715 and renamed it Ile de France. It became a prosperous colony under the French East India Company. The French Government took control in 1767, and the island served as a naval and privateer base during the Napoleonic wars. In 1810, Mauritius was captured by the British, whose possession of the island was
confirmed 4 years later by the Treaty of Paris. French institutions, including the Napoleonic code of law, were maintained. The French language is still used more widely than English.

Mauritian Creoles trace their origins to the plantation owners and slaves who were brought to work the sugar fields. Indo-Mauritians are descended from Indian immigrants who arrived in the 19th century to work as indentured laborers after slavery was abolished in 1835. Included in the Indo-Mauritian community are Muslims (about 17% of the
population) from the Indian subcontinent.

Franco-Mauritians control nearly all of the large sugar estates and are active in business and banking.

As the Indian population became numerically dominant and the voting franchise
was extended, political power shifted from the Franco-Mauritians and their
Creole allies to the Hindus.

Elections in 1947 for the newly created Legislative Assembly marked Mauritius' first steps toward self-rule. An independence campaign gained momentum after 1961, when the British agreed to permit additional self-government and eventual independence. A coalition
composed of the Mauritian Labor Party (MLP), the Muslim Committee of Action (CAM), and the Independent Forward Bloc (IFB)--a traditionalist Hindu party--won a majority in the 1967 Legislative Assembly election, despite opposition from Franco-Mauritian and Creole supporters of Gaetan Duval's Mauritian Social Democratic Party (PMSD). The contest was interpreted locally as a referendum on independence. Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, MLP leader and chief minister in the colonial government, became the first prime minister at
independence, on March 12, 1968. This event was preceded by a period of communal strife, brought under control with assistance from British troops.

                                         

 

Year


 

 

Mauritius Timeline Event


 

 

1498


 

 

Portuguese explorers stumble upon Mauritius in the wake of
  Vasco da Gama's voyage around the Cape of Good Hope.


 

 

1510


 

 

Portuguese navigator Pedro Mascarenhas visits the island
  and names it Cirné. It is used as a port of call, but the Portuguese do not
  establish a permanent settlement.


 

 

1598


 

 

The Dutch period. In 1598, a Dutch squadron, under the
  orders of Admiral Wybrand Van Warwyck, landed at Grand Port and named the
  island "Mauritius", in honor of Prince Maurice Van Nassau, "Stathouder" of
  Holland. However, it was not until 1638 that there was a first attempt of
  Dutch settlement.


 

 

1715


 

 

The French period.  Abandoned by the Dutch, the
  island became a French colony when, in September 1715, Guillaume Dufresne
  D'Arsel landed and took possession of this precious port of call on the route
  to India. He named the island "Isle de France", but it was only in 1721 that
  the French started their occupation.


 

 

1810


 

 

The British period. The British administration, which
  began with Robert Farquhar as governor, was followed by rapid social and
  economic changes. One of the most important events was the abolition of
  slavery in 1835.


 

 

1834


 

 

British abolish slavery. It is phased out on the island
  under a transition period known as "apprenticeship".


 

 

1876


 

 

Indian rupee becomes official currency.


 

 

1968


 

 

Independence.


 

 

1979


 

 

Cyclone Claudette devastates island.


 

 

1992


 

 

 Republic


 

 

 

Geography

Geography for Water Area, Land Boundaries and Coastline

Total Area 807 (sq miles), 2089 (sq kilometers)
Land Area 801 (sq miles), 2072 (sq kilometers)
Water Area 6.58 (sq miles), 17 (sq kilometers)
Land Boundaries 0 (miles), 0 (kilometers)
Irrigated Land 176 sq miles or 195 square kilometers
Coastline 317 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates

Main Land Mauritius - 20  17 S, 57  33 E
Rodrigues               - 19  40 S, 63  23 E
Agalega                  - 10  21 S, 56  35 E
St Brandon              - 16  35 S, 59  35 E
Chagos Archipelago  - 06  00 S, 71  30E 

Terrain

Small coastal plain rising to discontinuous mountains encircling central plateau. Rodrigues is mountainous with a central ridge and rimed with coral reefs.

Natural Resources

Arable land, fish

Natural Hazards

Cyclones (November to April), almost completely surrounded by reefs that may pose maritime hazards.

Mauritius Geography

The Island of Mauritius, volcanic in origin, lies in the southwest Indian Ocean just within the Tropic of Capricorn, 2000 kilometers from the African coast and 800 kilometers east of Madagascar.  The main land Mauritius is about 65 kilometers long and 45 kilometers wide, with an area of 1867 square kilometers. In the centre, an extensive plateau rises to 1900 feet with three mountain ranges bordering the central tableland. The Island of Rodrigues is 600 kilometers to the east and is 119 square kilometers in area. The Agalega Islands and the Cargados Carajos Shoals (also known as St Brandon Rocks) are north of main land. These Islands together with mainland permit the nation's EEZ to cover about 2.3 million square kilometers in the Indian Ocean. The sea land interface is in the form of a ring of coral reefs around most of the 317 kilometers coastline that forms shallow lagoons, white corals, sandy beaches and dunes.

 

Government & Politics

MAURITIUS: COUNTRY INFORMATION

All countries forming part of the Republic of Mauritius i.e. Mauritius, Rodrigues,
Agalega, St Brandon, Chagos Archipelago and Tromelin.

  • Government Type:          

Independent since 12th March 1968.  Status of Republic since 12th March 1992.  The Republic of Mauritius is a parliamentary democracy and is governed by the Prime Minister, a Cabinet (council of Ministers) and a National Assembly.  The President who is elected by the National Assembly on a motion made by the Prime Minister serves as Head of State.

  • Legal System:      

Legal system based on the concept of the rule of law.  Substantive and adjectival laws are largely inspired from the English common law and the French Codes.  The Constitution of Mauritius is the supreme law of the country and entrenches inter alia fundamental rights
of the citizen and the principle of an independent judiciary.

  • Executive Branch:           

The executive authority of Mauritius is vested in the President but the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister and consisting of other Ministers holds the effective executive powers. 
Ministers are appointed from among the elected members of the National Assembly except for the Attorney General (Minister of Justice) who may or may not be an elected member of the National Assembly.

  • Legislative Branch:         

The National Assembly consists of 62 members elected by universal suffrage in 20 three-member constituencies and one two-member constituency plus a maximum of eight "best losers" who are nominated from amongst the defeated candidates at general elections.  General Elections are held every five years.

  • Judicial Branch:        

The independent judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice.  The Supreme Court of Mauritius has unlimited jurisdiction over subordinate Courts.  Litigants may also have recourse in certain specific cases to the jurisdiction of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council sitting in the United Kingdom. Judicial and legal appointments are made by the Judicial and Legal Service Commission which is chaired by the Chief Justice.

People

 

Mauritius People

 

                                                                                               

 

Percent of Population Age 0 to 14:


 

 

21.80%                      21.6%


 

 

Male Children Age 0 to 14:


 

 

145,185


 

 

Female Children Age 0 to 14 :


 

 

139,579


 

 

Percent of Population Age 15 to
  64:


 

 

70.70%


 

 

Males Age 15 to 64:


 

 

457,743


 

 

Females Age 15 to 64:


 

 

463,875


 

 

Percent of Population Over 64:


 

 

7.50%


 

 

Males Over 64:


 

 

38,944.00


 

 

Females Over 64:


 

 

58,391.00


 

 

Median Age:


 

 

32.70


 

 

Median Age (male):


 

 

31.90


 

 

Median Age (female):


 

 

33.60


 

 

Population Growth Rate:


 

 

0.73%


 

 

Birth Rate:


 

 

13.97 births/1,000 population           11.7


 

 

Death Rate:


 

 

66.68 deaths/1,000 population            7.1


 

 

Net Migration Rate:


 

 

0.00 migrant(s)/1,000 population


 

 

Infant Mortality Rate:


 

 

11.52 deaths/1,000 live births…………12.5


 

 

Life Expectancy at Birth:


 

 

74.48


 

 

Total Fertility Rate:


 

 

1.79 children born/woman


 

 

Sex Ratio (at birth):


 

 

1.05 male(s)/female


 

 

Sex Ratio (under 15 years):


 

 

1.04 male(s)/female


 

 

Sex Ratio (15 to 64 years):


 

 

0.99 male(s)/female


 

 

Sex Ratio (65 years and older):


 

 

0.67 male(s)/female


 

 

Sex Ratio Total Population:


 

 

0.97 male(s)/female


 

 

Age Structure:
Age Structure is the distribution of the population according to age. The age
structure of a population affects a nation's key socioeconomic issues.
Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest
more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages
65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can
also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid
growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to
unrest.

 

Mauritius Literacy

 

                  

 

Languages:


 

 

Literacy Definition:


 

 

age 15 and over can read and write


 

 

Literacy Rate Total Population:


 

 

84.40%


 

 

Literacy Rate Males:


 

 

88.60%


 

 

Literacy Rate Female:


 

 

82.70%


 

 

Literacy Rate:
The ability to read and write at a specified age. Information on literacy,
while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily
available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and
education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the
current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.

Economy

The recent crises have shown the extent to which economic and financial policies failures and poor governance can affect global progress and put at risk hard earned gains from globalization and trade expansion. There are now increasing concerns over the ability of international institutions and governments to predict potential risks and vulnerabilities having global dimensions. Successive failures of the global surveillance and early warning systems to predict the recent crises have had damaging effects on world economic progress
and on the poverty eradication initiatives in many countries.    

The recent downturns continue to provide lessons on the importance of sound economic and financial policies and good governance.  The debt crisis in the Euro-zone and US was
the most remote event analysts around the globe would have predicted. The crisis is already having ripple effects on BRIC economies and is likely to further delay global recovery and put at risk poverty eradication initiatives.

Most countries are now reviewing their economic outlooks for fear that the euro debt crisis might turn into a banking crisis across Europe. This could lead to a situation like in 2008-09 where banks were unable to extend credit - leading to a credit crunch with a slowdown in consumption, investment and growth. The lack of fiscal room for stimulus packages in Europe and in US to combat possible economic downturn poses additional challenge. There is still concern over the effectiveness of policies taken by the US and the Euro-zone to address their debt woes. Some analysts believe that more needs to be done to boost
confidence, improve trade, reduce debt, increase commodity supplies and address the challenges facing the international financial system. 

Mauritian Economy

These developments in the global economy have wide implications for Mauritius given
its level of openness and high dependence on the regions that have been most affected. Though Mauritius has been resilient so far, the extended duration of the turmoil due to the Euro and US debt crisis is already impacting on the confidence level of economic operators. There are indications that the growth will remain below historical average at least in the medium term and much lower than the 6% - 7% target set out prior to the global economic crisis in 2008.  

Real Sector

In 2010 the share of the manufacturing sector in the GDP amounted to around 18.0%, wholesale and retail trade 11.8%, real estate, renting and business activities 12.4% and
transport, storage and communication 10.0%. All the sectors of the economy, except sugar, recorded positive growth. The economy grew by 4.3 per cent compared to 3.1 per cent in 2009. Growth was mainly driven by strong performance in sectors like the ICT (13.1%), seafood (10.4%), real estate and business activities (6.5%), hotels and restaurants (6%) and financial services (4.3%) as well as manufacturing (2.1%). The export oriented sectors grew by 6.5% compared to a contraction of 0.9% in 2009.

In 2011 growth is projected at around 4.5%. The main sectors that are likely to contribute
towards this growth are real estate, renting and business activities (0.8%), manufacturing (0.7%), financial intermediation (0.6%) and transport, storage and communications 0.5%).

The investment rate (as measured by GDFCF as a share to the GDP at market price) was 24.9 per cent last year and current indications are that it will remain around the same level in 2011.  As regards FDI, it amounted to Rs 13.9 billion (USD 450 million) last year. Latest indications are that the FDI will drop to around Rs 7 bn this year.  

Saving rate defined as the ratio of Gross National Savings to GDP at market prices
rose to 15.6%, in 2010 and is projected to reach 16.6% this year.

Prices

The rate of inflation, as measured by growth in the 12 months average Consumer Price
Index, dropped to 2.9% in 2010. For the year ending July 2011, the rate of inflation was 5.5%. Developments in the international commodity market, mainly food and energy markets, are likely to impact negatively on domestic prices. The upward trend is thus likely to persist in the short term.

Fiscal Sector

As regards the fiscal sector, Mauritius closed its 2010 financial year with a lower than
estimated budget deficit and improved debt ratios. The overall budget deficit dropped to 3.2% of GDP in 2010 compared to 3.9% of GDP in 2009 while public sector debt reached 57.7% of GDP by 2010 end. For 2011, the overall budget deficit is estimated at around 4.3% of GDP. The focus is, inter-alia, to keep the deficit at sustainable level and consistent with achieving the debt target of 50% of GDP by 2018 and to improve the quality of deficit by diverting relatively more resources towards capital investment.

The 2011 budget is likely to be presented in November this year with main focus on
unlocking growth, expediting fiscal reforms to bring in more fairness and efficiency in the system, improving the social welfare system and dealing with the crisis.

External Sector

Net exports of goods and services showed a deficit of Rs 33,967 million in 2010, higher than the deficit of Rs 26,454 million registered in 2009. This represented 11.3% of GDP compared to 9.4% in 2009. In 2011, the projected deficit in net exports of goods and services is estimated at Rs 43,106 million, which represents 13.2% of GDP.

The country's net international reserves (NIR) rose from Rs 105.7 bn in 2009 to Rs 108.0 bn in 2010, representing more than 41 weeks of imports.

Labour

In 2010 some 12,300 job were created on a net basis. The rate of unemployment rose to
7.8% from 7.3% in 2009. The increase in the rate of unemployment has been noted from 2009 and is mainly attributable to the effects of the global economic crisis. Bulk of the employed remained female workforce (13.0%). In 2011 the rate of unemployment is projected to remain around the same level. 

Per Capita GDP

The GDP per capita for the economy reached USD 7,400 in 2010 and is projected to rise to around USD 8,950 this year. As regards per capita GNI, it is likely to reach around 9,100 this year. Mauritius is among those countries which belong to the upper middle income group.

Doing Business Index

Mauritius has been among the top 30 in the Doing Business report of the World Bank since it was first included in 2006. In, 2011 Mauritius was ranked 20th out of 183 countries and first in Sub-Saharan Africa for Ease of Doing Business. Mauritius also scores highly in terms of Starting a business and Protecting investors (12th on both sub-indices).

Risks and Vulnerabilities

Financial soundness indicators for Mauritius reveal high capital adequacy ratios, few non-performing loans, and sound liquidity positions. The Mauritian banking sector has so far withstood the downturn well. Banks have remained liquid and well-capitalized, even above the proposed Basel III requirements. The share of non-performing loans (NPL) decreased and banks were profitable with 16.7 percent return on equity despite low leverage ratios.
Stress-tests conducted by BOM in June 2010 indicated that the domestic banks would be resilient to significant increases in NPLs and losses on large exposures.

As regards macroeconomic fundamentals, the public sector debt as a share of GDP is on a downwards track. In the IMF's latest Article IV consultation Report mentioned that "Mauritius is well placed to comply with the legally-mandated public debt limit of below 50 percent of GDP by 2018". The challenge is to balance the need for heavy investment in infrastructure while at the same time reducing the public sector debt. Priority is being given to measures that address infrastructural constraints and improve potential growth. On the external front, Mauritius has been able to improve its external balances with NIR representing more than 40 weeks of imports - which is well above the required level.

The degree of openness of the economy, as measured by total of exports and imports of goods and services as a ratio to the GDP, improved in 2010 and 2011.

The stimulus measures taken in the Economic Restructuring and Competitiveness Package (2010) and in the annual budgets have not only been effective in mitigating impact on growth, job creation, FDI, external balances, but have also supported restructuring initiatives to better manage risks and vulnerabilities arising from external developments.

To overcome risks Mauritius has also been taking a number of initiatives to deepen diversification with the development of new sectors, specially service oriented ones, and to support private sector initiatives to diversify their markets. Countries with high potential growth such China, India and Russia are the main markets where Mauritius is now trying to increase its share of exports. 


Mauritian Economy

 


Unit

 


2009

 


2010

 


2011

 


Population size

 

 


Million

 

 


1.28

 

 


1.28

 

 


1.28

 

 


Population Density

 

 


per sq km

 

 


625.0

 

 


625.0

 

 


625.0

 

 


Life expectancy

 


Male

 

 


yrs

 

 


69.5

 

 


69.6

 

 


n/a

 

 


Female

 

 


yrs

 

 


76.7

 

 


76.8

 

 


n/a

 

 


Literacy Rate 1


%

 


87.9

 


n/a

 


n/a

 


Labour Force

 


000s

 


566.3

 


581.3

 


590.3

 


Male

 


000s

 


358.1

 


362.4

 


365.9

 


Female

 


000s

 


208.2

 


218.9

 


224.4

 


GDP at market price

 


USD bn

 


8.9

 


9.7

 


11.4

 


GDP per capita

 


USD

 


            6,762

 


            7,399

 


            8,938

 


GDP based on PPP valuation of Country GDP 2

 


USD Billion

 


17.2

 


18.1

 


19.0

 


GDP Based on PPP per capita GDP 2

 


USD

 


          13,484

 


          14,097

 


          14,746

 


Real Growth Rate

 


%

 


3.1

 


4.3

 


4.5

 


Contribution to GDP

 


Agriculture

 


%

 


3.9

 


3.6

 


3.5

 


Manufacturing

 


%

 


18.8

 


18.0

 


18.1

 


Construction

 


%

 


7.0

 


6.9

 


6.6

 


Transport and communication

 


%

 


9.6

 


9.6

 


9.2

 


Financial Intermediation

 


%

 


10.2

 


10.0

 


10.1

 


Real Estate & Business

 


%

 


11.9

 


12.4

 


12.9

 


Wholesale & Retail Trade

 


%

 


11.5

 


11.8

 


12.0

 


Hotels & Restaurants

 


%

 


6.7

 


7.0

 


6.9

 


Total exports (goods f.o.b & services)

 


USD bn

 


4.3

 


5.1

 


6.1

 


Total imports (goods f.o.b & services)

 


USD bn

 


5.2

 


6.2

 


7.6

 


Inflation (Headline) 3

 


%

 


2.5

 


2.9

 


5.5

 


Unemployment rate

 


%

 


7.3

 


7.8

 


7.8

 


Doing Business Rank 4

 


24

 


17

 


20

 


2nd sem.09

 


2010

 


2011

 


Budget Deficit as a ratio of GDP 5

 


%

 


-3.9

 


-3.2

 


-4.3

 


(1) Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above), Source: World Bank

 


(2) Source: IMF World Economic Outlook April 2011 Database

 


(3) For 2011, inflation rate is for the year ending July

 


(4) Source: Doing Business report, World Bank

 


(5) Figures for 2011 are budget estimates

 

 Mauritius Economy:

Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income,  agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with  growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period,  annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement  has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life  expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. The  government's development strategy centers on expanding local financial  institutions and building a domestic information telecommunications industry.  Mauritius, with its strong textile sector and responsible fiscal management,
has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act
(AGOA). 


Mauritius: The Economic Indicators 

  • Macroeconomic  indicators 
                                                                                                                                                                                                 

 

Selected
  Macroeconomic Indicators


 

 

 


 

 

Unit


 

 

2006


 

 

2007


 

 

2008


 

 

2009


 

 

2010


 

 

2011*


 

 

GDP at market prices


 

 

MUR Bn


 

 

213


 

 

243


 

 

274


 

 

282


 

 

299


 

 

325


 

 

Per capita GDP


 

 

USD


 

 

5,286


 

 

5,958


 

 

7,373


 

 

6,740


 

 

7,490


 

 

7,985


 

 

GDP growth


 

 

%


 

 

5.1


 

 

5.7


 

 

5.5


 

 

3.1


 

 

4.2


 

 

4.1


 

 

GDFCF


 

 

%GDP


 

 

19


 

 

5.9


 

 

1.3


 

 

8.9


 

 

-0.7


 

 

2.1


 

 

Inflation


 

 

FY, %


 

 

5.1


 

 

10.7


 

 

8.8


 

 

6.9


 

 

1.7


 

 

5.1


 

 

Inflation


 

 

CY,%


 

 

8.9


 

 

8.8


 

 

9.7


 

 

2.5


 

 

2.9


 

 

 


 

 

Budget deficit


 

 

FY, % GDP


 

 

-5.3


 

 

-4.3


 

 

-3.3


 

 

-3


 

 

-3.2


 

 

-4.3


 

 

Current Account


 

 

CY, MUR M


 

 

-19,399


 

 

-13,248


 

 

-27,633


 

 

-20,836


 

 

-24,533


 

 

 


 

 

Overall Balance of Payments


 

 

CY,Rs. M


 

 

-4,573


 

 

13,880


 

 

4,624


 

 

12,103


 

 

6,177


 

 

 


 

 

Unemployment rate


 

 

Average, %


 

 

9.1


 

 

8.5


 

 

7.2


 

 

7.3


 

 

7.8


 

 

7.8


 

 

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)


 

 

MUR Bn


 

 

7,222


 

 

11,514


 

 

11,419


 

 

8,793


 

 

13,948


 

 

8,200


 

 *forecast Exchange rate as at November 2011: USD 1=MUR 30 (MUR: Mauritian Rupee) 


  • GDP  Contribution per sector

 

                                                                                   

 

Sectors


 

 

2010 (%)


 

 

2011 (%)*


 

 

Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing


 

 

3.7  


 

 

3.6  


 

 

Manufacturing


 

 

18.0  


 

 

18.1  


 

 

Electricity, gas and water supply


 

 

2.0  


 

 

1.8  


 

 

Construction


 

 

6.9  


 

 

6.6  


 

 

Wholesale & retail trade; repair of motor vehicles,
  motorcycles and personal and  household
  goods


 

 

11.8  


 

 

11.9  


 

 

Hotels and restaurants


 

 

7.0  


 

 

6.9  


 

 

Transport, storage and communications


 

 

9.5  


 

 

9.2  


 

 

Financial intermediation


 

 

10.0  


 

 

10.2  


 

 

Real estate, renting and business activities


 

 

12.4  


 

 

12.9  


 

 

Public administration and defence; compulsory
  social security                                                   
 


 

 

6.1  


 

 

6.0  


 

 

Education


 

 

4.4  


 

 

4.3  


 

 

Health and social work


 

 

3.7  


 

 

3.7  


 

 

Other 
  community, social and personal service activities and private
  households with employed persons


 

 

4.5  


 

 

4.8  


 

Foreign Direct Investment  (FDI) 

In the year 2010, Mauritius  attracted a record level of FDI to the tune of USD 470M. Mauritius gets its FDI  mainly from France, UK, South Africa and India. FDI to Mauritius goes to a wide  array of sectors ranging from real estate, construction, to financial services,
ICT/BPO, healthcare, knowledge, manufacturing among others. 

The Mauritius Board of  Investment (BOI), the official investment promotion agency of the Government of  Mauritius, is responsible for the promotion of FDI in the island. The BOI is
also a one-stop shop for foreign investors interested in developing business  and investment ventures in Mauritius. 

To read more on the manifold  business and investment opportunities in Mauritius, please connect to the  website of the BOI namely www.investmauritius.com.

Transportation & Communication

To be updated soon ...

Social Indicators

To be updated soon ...

International Relations

To be updated soon ...

News & Media

To be updated soon ...

Links

To be updated soon ...

Discover

At a glance

To be updated soon ...

Public Holidays

To be updated soon ...

Capital City

To be updated soon ...

Major Tourist Attractions

To be updated soon ...

Planning Your Visit

To be updated soon ...

VISA REQUIREMENTS

The Prime Minister`s Office has come up with new guidelines that set out in details the procedures to be followed for obtention of student visa and residence permit for foreign students.

Application forms, guidelines and other useful information are obtainable from the following URL addresses:

http://pmo.gov.mu or http://passport.gov.mu

  • or from the

Passport and Immigration Office (Residence Permit Section)

8th Floor, Sterling House, 9-11Lislet Geoffroy Street, Port Louis

Tel:       + (230) 2109319

             + (230) 2109312

Fax:      + (230) 2109322

Email:   piomain@mail.gov.mu

Accommodation

To be updated soon ...

Airline and Local Transport

To be updated soon ...

Trade Agreements within IORA

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Regional Integration and International Trade 

http://foreign.gov.mu/English/Pages/default.aspx

The International Trade Division is the agency responsible to negotiate bilateral, regional and multilateral trade agreements for Mauritius.  Mauritius enjoys preferential access among various countries through its multilateral, bilateral, regional agreements.  Mauritius is also an active member of several regional blocs, the most prominent amongst which are SADC, COMESA and the Indian Ocean Rim Association.

  • SADC Free Trade Area 

The SADC Trade Protocol was signed by the SADC Member States in 1996 but implementation of the Protocol started in 2000.  SADC formally launched its Free Trade Area (FTA) at its Heads of States Summit held in South Africa, on 17 August 2008.  In January 2014, Mauritius completed liberalisation of its tariffs within SADC.

  • COMESA FTA

The COMESA FTA was launched on 31st October, 2000 when nine of the member States namely Djibouti, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe eliminated their tariffs on COMESA originating products, in accordance with the tariff reduction schedule adopted in 1992. This followed a trade liberalization programme that commenced in 1984 on reduction and eventual elimination of tariff and non-tariff barriers to intra- regional trade. At present there are 14 Member States participating in the COMESA FTA. Mauritius extends 90% tariff reduction on MFN rates to COMESA member states not in the FTA. 

  • COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite FTA

Mauritius is currently actively involved in the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite FTA Negotiations.  The COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite initiative aims at harmonizing the trade regimes of the 3 Regional Economic Communities (RECs) through the establishment of an enlarged Free Trade Area as mandated by the Tripartite Heads of State Summit in 2008.  The Tripartite region comprises 26 Member States with a combined population of 600 million people and a total GDP approaching US $1.0 trillion. 

  • Interim EPA  

An interim EPA was signed in Mauritius on 29 August 2009 between the European Commission and four Eastern and Southern African (ESA) countries namely; Mauritius, Madagascar, Seychelles and Zimbabwe. The agreement entered into force on 14 May 2012. Under the agreement, the four ESA states are benefiting from duty free access for all products with the exception of sugar and rice which has a transitional period until September 2015.

The ESA countries are currently involved in the negotiations of a full EPA which would include Trade in goods, Trade in services, Competition Policy, Intellectual Property Rights, Trade Facilitation, amongst others. The IEPA text can be accessed on the Mauritius Trade Portal on the following link: http://www.mauritiustrade.mu/en 

  • AGOA

Mauritius enjoys duty free and quota free market access to the United States for approximately 7000 products under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) which builds on the existing Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) scheme. More information is available on Mauritius Trade Portal: http://www.mauritiustrade.mu/en.

  • Trade and investment framework agreement between Mauritius and the U.S

The TIFA between Mauritius and the US was signed on 18 September 2006. The TIFA aims at strengthening and expanding trade ties between the US and Mauritius. It also provides an opportunity to work more closely on a broad range of trade-related issues, including moving the WTO Doha Development Round forward and implementing the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). It thus provides a formal mechanism to address bilateral issues of interest to both countries.

  • Mauritius - Pakistan PTA

The Preferential Trade Area (PTA) between Mauritius and Pakistan was signed on 30 July 2007 in Mauritius. The objective of the PTA is to increase trade between the two countries. Under the PTA, tariff concessions have been granted on a list of products of export interest to both countries, which will allow operators to trade with Pakistan on preferential terms. The agreement can be accessed on the following link: http://www.mauritiustrade.mu/en

  • Turkey - FTA

A Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between Mauritius and Turkey was signed on 9 September 2011 in Istanbul. The agreement entered into force on 01 June 2013. It provides duty-free and quota-free access on all industrial products except for a list of 70 clothing items on which duties will be phased down over a period of 4 years. With respect to agricultural products, the FTA provides preferential access on a list of some 40 products on a tariff quota basis. The agreement can be accessed on the following link: http://www.mauritiustrade.mu/en

Chamber of Commerce

Mauritius Chamber of Commerce & Industry (MCCI)

Throughout its years of existence, it has constantly striven to carry out its fundamental mission of defending and promoting the vital interests of its Members. It has also set up and developed the organisational structures capable of providing a wide range of highly professional services. Furthermore, as the main voice of the Mauritian business community, it has always maintained close links with Government and increasingly contributed to the development process of the country. And just as importantly, it has set up links and affiliations at international level with inter-governmental and private organisations aimed at widening its scope of activities and better promoting Mauritius on the world scene

http://www.mcci.org/

Customs

(i).  'Association Professionnelle des Transitaires'

Members of the 'Association Professionnelle des Transitaires' have been instrumental in the diversification of the export markets of Mauritius through their in-depth knowledge of international regulatory practices and foreign customs requirements.

http://www.aptmauritius.com/

 (ii).  Business & Corporation_customs

 http://www.mra.mu/download/MRAtaxBasics2012.pdf

 (iii).  General Information on Authorised Economic Operator

http://www.mra.mu/download/AEOGeneralInfo.pdf

Trade Legislations

(i). The Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Consumer Protection

It ensures that there is smooth exchange of goods and services at national and international levels, regular supply of essential commodities.

http://commerce.gov.mu/English/Pages/default.aspx

(ii). Trade Division

http://commerce.gov.mu/English/Departments/Pages/Trade-Division.aspx

Trade legislations include the following:

  • The Trade (Anti-dumping and Countervailing measures) Act 2010
  • The Copyright Bill
  • The Patent, Industrial Designs and Trademarks Act 2002
  • The Protection Against Unfair Practices, Industrial Property Rights Act 2002
  • The Layout Designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits Act 2002
  • The Geographical Indications Act 2002

However the Layout Designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits Act 2002 and the Geographical Indications Act 2002 have not yet been proclaimed. These legislations can be accessed on the following link: http://www.mauritiustrade.mu/en

Business Incentives in Mauritius

(i). Ministry of Business, Enterprise and Cooperatives

To develop a strong, diversified, competitive resilient and innovative business and enterprise sector operating in a sustainable environment.

http://enterbusiness.gov.mu/English/Pages/default.aspx

(ii). Enterprise Mauritius

Enterprise Mauritius is the Trade Promotion Organization of the Republic of Mauritius, resulting from a collaborative partnership between the Government and the private sector to develop the export of Mauritian manufactured products.

www.sourcemauritius.com

(iii). Mauritius Business Growth Scheme

The Mauritius Business Growth Scheme (MBGS) Unit was set up by the Government of Mauritius in collaboration with the World Bank and became fully operational in March 2011. The overarching objective of MBGS is to facilitate the maximum possible growth in private sector economic activity by supporting enterprise productivity and competitiveness, specifically in areas of skills and training, technology upgrading, innovation, quality standards and business development.

http://mbgs.gov.mu/English/Pages/default.aspx

(iv). Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority

The Small and Medium Enterprises Development Authority (SMEDA) operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Business, Enterprise and Cooperatives and is committed to support and facilitate the development of entrepreneurship and SMEs in Mauritius.

http://www.smeda.mu/English/Pages/default.aspx


Trade Facilitation

Mauritius is fully committed to implement the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement, concluded in December 2013.  Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement will further remove impediments to trade in Mauritius and will lead to elimination of cumbersome non-tariff barriers in the Mauritian export market.   In this regard, a series of actions has already been taken at national level towards the implementation of the Trade Facilitation Agreement. Mauritius has already submitted its Category A notification on Trade Facilitation to the WTO.

Trade Facilitation Measures

Mauritius has been an active participant in the WTO Trade Facilitation negotiations as reducing transaction costs is important to sustain competitiveness given its remoteness from main markets. A series of measures have been adopted by Mauritius Customs to reduce transaction costs and facilitate trade, namely:

Enhancement in the Customs Management System (CMS) which include: Paperless Customs, SMS to importers and declarants, e-Payment, e-Certificate of origin, Online Tracking System and Transshipment Procedures among others.

Single Window Project

The Mauritius Single Window Project, which is part of the e-Government strategy, is targeted towards enhancing the existing Single Window system by developing the Other Government and Agency (OGA) Portal, a new component of the TradeNet.

Mauritius Trade Easy Portal

Launched in August 2013, the Mauritius Trade Easy Portal provides, amongst others, the maximum information to the Business Community and to the public at large relating to import and export procedures in Mauritius; opportunities existing on the Regional and International markets under the various agreements we have signed and tools to undertake market surveys which have been developed by the International Trade Centre. It can be accessed on the following link http://www.mauritiustrade.mu

Investment Opportunities in Mauritius

Mauritius is continually reinventing itself.  By leveraging its strategic position at the crossroads of Africa, Asia and Australia, Mauritius is gradually transforming itself into a hub and an international jurisdiction for investors in search of security, transparent regulation and high value-addition.

http://www.investmauritius.com/investment-opportunities.aspx

(i). Board of Investment of Mauritius

The Board of Investment and cats (BOI) is the Investment promotion agency of Mauritius. The BOI operates under the aegis of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development; it is responsible for acquiring and providing professional consulting services to foreign and domestic investors who want to invest in Mauritius.

http://www.investmauritius.com/

(ii). Mauritius Export Association

MEXA aims to promote and defend the interests of the Export Community of Mauritius at national, regional and international level.

http://www.mexa.mu/

List of Private & Public companies

Conference & Exhibition Facilities

To be updated soon ...

Educational Opportunities

Chair in Indian Ocean Studies

The Chair in Indian Ocean Studies which was established in 1997 within the context of the Indian Ocean Rim - Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC) is essentially a model of economic cooperation among 19 member countries with the overall objective of increasing the flow of goods, services, technology and investment in the region. India and Mauritius have been instrumental in establishing a Chair in Indian Ocean Studies based at the University of Mauritius.

The Chair operates under the supervision of an Advisory Committee comprising the Director General of the IIFT, the Executive Director of TEC, the Vice-Chancellor of UoM and relevant Government officials (both from Mauritius and India) who may be co-opted as and when required. The Chair reports to the Vice-Chancellor of the UoM or his representative on the day to day matters.

The objectives of the Chair areinter alia:

(a)  to foster research activities and studies in the fields of common interests of the Member States of IOR-ARC. The areas of studies and research should include, inter alia, socio economic, environmental, marine resources, trade, commerce, industry, agriculture and services such as tourism, travel, professional, financial, banking, construction,  ngineering and languages;

(b)  to organize periodically training programmes for the benefit of the officials of the Member States as well as members of trade, industry and chambers of commerce on a rationale of regional integration groupings, benefits of open regionalism, possibilities of intra-trade, trade creation, trade diversion and investment opportunities in the IOR-ARC region;

(c)   to conduct periodically, regional seminars, workshops, colloquia on topics of relevance to the IOR-ARC region in various capitals of the Member States;

(d)   to publish occasional papers and monthly Newsletters and other publications to further regional integration grouping among the IOR-ARC nations;

(e)   to coordinate the IORAG projects;

(f)  to develop networking with relevant institutions in IOR-ARC states to collect and update economic data on each Member country and exchange information on issues and projects of common interest to the Indian Ocean Rim.

Indian Ocean Rim Academic Group (IORAG)

The IORAG comprises of delegates from Australia, India, Mauritius, Mozambique, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sultanate of Oman, South Africa, Tanzania and Yemen. The IORAG considers operational matters of the IORAG, reviews the progress of projects of the IORAG as per its Work Programme and agrees to the inclusion of new projects within its Work Programme.

Science and Technology Co-operation in the Indian Ocean Rim

This project is coordinated by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of South Africa. The Council undertook to reconsider its approach to specifically involve IOR business, in consultation with a panel including itself, Australia and India.

Concept Paper "Developing Countries Partnership Scholarship (DCPS)" 

A concept paper entitled "Developing Countries Partnership Scholarship (DCPS)" prepared by Indonesia was submitted in 2008 by the IOR-ARC Coordinating Secretariat to member states to take note.

The DCPS is aimed to strengthen the relationship and mutual cooperation among developing countries, to reciprocate scholarship program provided by other countries for Indonesia citizens, and to provide stronger cultural links between these nations.

The scholarship is offered to postgraduate students (Master degree) to study at one of the universities in Indonesia for 3 years, consisting of one year of the Indonesian language and preparatory programmes and 2 years of Master programme.

Student Exchange Programmes

The University Mobility in the Indian Ocean Rim Study Exchange Consortium (UMIOR SEC) is a group of universities from the Indian Ocean Rim which are committed to increasing internationalization at their institutions. UMIOR functions as a network to facilitate the formation of partnerships to provide student exchange opportunities. UMIOR is also a forum for members to share good practice and policy on all areas of internationlisation. The aim is to promote student exchanges between universities under the UMIOR SEC.Only universities who have signed the UMIOR SEC agreement are eligible to participate in the UMIOR exchange.

In October 2008 the UoM offered the following facilities for placement of students from IOR-ARC member states:

(a)    A 50 % discount on tuition fees be extended to the IOR-ARC countries

(b)    Students from the IOR-ARC countries be offered scholarships, tenable at the University of Mauritius, by the Mauritian Government via a multilateral agreement. However, such an agreement shall entail an element of reciprocity to enable UoM students to benefit from similar scholarships tenable at institutions of IOR-ARC countries.

IORA Member States Students in

The member countries of the IOR-ARC are Australia, People's Republic of Bangladesh, Republic of India, Republic of Indonesia, Republic of Iran, Republic of Kenya, Republic of Madagascar, Malaysia, Republic of Mauritius, Republic of Mozambique, Sultanate of Oman, Republic of Seychelles, Republic of Singapore, Republic of South Africa, Republic of Sri Lanka, Republic of Tanzania, Kingdom of Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Republic of Yemen. The table below shows the number of students from the IOR-ARC member states studying in Mauritius.

                                           
Country Total number of students studying in Mauritius since September 2011
Republic of India
 

159

Republic of South Africa 80
 
Republic of Madagascar 69
 
Republic of Seychelles
 
29
 
Republic of Kenya
 
15
 
Republic of Tanzania
 
Nil
 
Australia
 
1
 
Republic of Sri Lanka
 
1
 
Republic of Yemen
 
1
 
Total 355
 

 
The table shows that a total of 355 students from IOR-ARC member states are pursuing their studies in public and private tertiary education institutions in Mauritius.

Scholarships for IORA Member States

To be updated soon ...

Why study in

Mauritius is at the cultural cross roads of Europe, Africa and Asia and anyone can adapt easily to its living environment

English and French are commonly spoken

Mauritius is well located geographically (Surrounded by Africa and Asia) and is served by
many airlines, namely, Air Mauritius, British Airways, Condor, Singapore Airlines, South African Airways, Emirates, Air France and many more.

Simple and hassle-free visa procedures.

Safe and comfortable place to study

Social and political stability

Affordable cost of living and low tuition fees compared to developed nations

Multi-cultural studying environment

Tertiary-level programmes based on both British and French systems

Natural beauty of the country with sandy beaches and unpolluted environment

What to study in Mauritius?

As at 2010, 770 programmes were being run locally. These programmes encompass a wide range of areas and the main fields of study include the following:

Accounting, Banking, Finance, Administration, Management, IT, Fashion and Design, Travel, Tourism, Hospitality, Hotel Management, Engineering, Medicine, Law and Psychology among others.

The level of the programmes available ranges from certificate, Diploma, Advanced/ Higher Diploma, Degree, Post Graduate Certificate, Post Graduate Diploma, Masters Degree, Doctoral and Professional Qualifications.

Where to study in Mauritius?

A total of 66 institutions are presently in operation including 55 private ones and 11 publicly-funded. Whilst most of the qualifications of the publicly-funded institutions are awarded by the two public universities namely University of Mauritius and University of
Technology, Mauritius, the private institutions operate in collaboration with overseas awarding bodies:

                                       
Country Number of Awarding Bodies
 
Australia 3
 
France
 
8
 
India
 
8
 
Malaysia
 
1
 
Reunion Island
 
1
 
Pakistan
 
1
 
South Africa
 
4
 
Sudan
 
1
 
United Kingdom
 
26
 

Tertiary Education Commission

Website:          www.tec.mu

Study Mauritius Office  

Email:  studymauritius@mail.gov.mu

List of Public/Private Universities for Foreign Students

To be updated soon ...

Student Health Facilities

No documentation found except in the Concept Paper "Developing Countries Partnership Scholarship (DCPS)" where there is a clause on health insurance whereby students are eligible to check up their health condition at a public health centre referred by the university and health insurance given to the student is based on the recommended doctor's statement. Students should bear the costs if ever they have to consult a specialist including dentists, eye
specialists and maternity specialists

Distance Education

The University of Mauritius (UoM), the Mauritius College of the Air (MCA) and the Mauritius Institute of Education (MIE) are the three main providers of publicly-funded tertiary institutions that are involved in the provision of distance learning. The UoM is a conventional university which provides some of its courses through distance education. The MCA offers programmes exclusively through distance education and awards degrees, diplomas or certificates through the University of Mauritius. The MIE is a teacher training institute with its degrees awardedthrough the University of Mauritius. Despite offering conventional courses, it also a significant part of its courses through distance education.

Tertiary Education Commission

Website:          www.tec.mu

University of Mauritius

Website:          www.uom.ac.mu

Mauritius College of the Air

Website:          www.mca.ac.mu

Mauritius Institute of Education

Website:          www.mieonline.org

Visa Requirements

The Prime Minister`s Office has come up with new guidelines that set out in details the procedures to be followed for obtention of student visa and residence permit for foreign students.

Application forms, guidelines and other useful information are obtainable from the following URL addresses:

http://pmo.gov.mu or http://passport.gov.mu

  • or from the

Passport and Immigration Office (Residence Permit Section)

8th Floor, Sterling House, 9-11Lislet Geoffroy Street, Port Louis

Tel:       + (230) 2109319

             + (230) 2109312

Fax:      + (230) 2109322

Email:   piomain@mail.gov.mu

Exhibitions Calendar

Artistic & Cultural Activities for the period July 2012 to June 2013

No. Title Date
1. National Eid-Ul-Fitr Celebration* Sunday 19 August
2. Commemoration of the 112th Birth Anniversary of Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Tuesday 18 September
3. Ganesh Charurthi Thursday 20 September
4. Creole International Day(NMCAC) Thursday 26 October
5. Commemoration of the 178th Anniversary of the Arrival of Indentured Labourers in Mauritius Monday 02 November
6. African Writers' Day Wednesday 07 November
7. National Divali Celebration Tuesday 13 November
8. Philosophy Day (UNESCO) Tuesday 20 November
9. Award Presentation Ceremony December
10. National Christmas Celebration Tuesday 25 December
11. Thaipoosam Cavadee Sunday 27 January
12. 178th Anniversay of the Abolition of Slavery Friday 1 February
13. National Spring Festival Sunday 10 February
14. International Mother Language Day Wednesday 20 February
15. Maha Shivratree Sunday 10 March
16. Festival Mauricien March
17. National Day Celebration Tuesday 12 March
18. Journee de la Francophonie Thursday 21 March
19. World Theatre Day Monday 25 March
20. Ougadi Thursday 11 April
21. National Drama Festival April to October
22. International Day for Monuments & Sites Thursday 18 April
23. World Book Day (National Library) Thursday 25 April
24. World Intellectual Property Day (MASA) Friday 26 April
25. International Dance Day Monday 29 April
26. International Museum Day Saturday 18 May
27. World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue & Development Tuesday 21 May
28. Africa Day (NMCAC) Saturday 25 May
29. Dragon Boat Festival June
30. Music Day Friday 21 June
31. Finals for Slam June/September

* Depending on the visibility of the moon

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